The Xperia XA1 is running Android 7.0 Nougat at launch, so it's not at as up to date as the XZs and its v7.1.1. You'd be hard-pressed to tell the difference, though, as Sony's customizations are both very light and consistent between devices and OS versions. The big things, like the proprietary Stamina battery saving modes and the home-baked multimedia apps, are here to stay.
Smart Lock gives you conditional security - trusted nearby devices, locations, faces, or voices can allow you to skip the security unlock protocol that you may have set up on the phone.
The homescreen appears unchanged from the rest of the X series. This includes the swipe down gesture: it shows a screen of the apps you use the most, along with recommendations for new apps to install. The search field is highlighted so that you can start typing the app's name immediately.
The traditional app drawer is present, and you'll find a number of proprietary apps pre-installed. Sony takes great pride in the A/V prowess of their devices, and the multimedia apps are all custom and feature-rich, but more on them in their dedicated chapter.
The app drawer is quite functional as well, letting you sort the apps by frequency of use, name, date installed or a custom arrangement. The app search works here too, and you can go into a management state, allowing you to uninstall multiple apps instead of having to drag each one to a virtual waste bin.
Themes are available (both free and paid) that can customize the look and sound of the Xperia XA1. Some themes are even interactive, with their wallpapers reacting to your touches.
The notification area is plain Android. You can re-arrange the quick toggle tiles and adjust the screen brightness. What's missing is a toggle for Auto brightness (you need to go into the settings for that). It's the way stock Android is set up, but we miss that option there.
The app switcher is similarly a vanilla Android affair, with the 3D rolodex look and a Close-All button. The native Nougat multi-window is present - in Sony's implementation if a running app supports split screen, you will be able to snap it at the top or bottom of the screen right from the rolodex. It's easy to use the split screen mode, but there is no way of knowing which app supports it - you have to start it first and then try to snap it. It's also a 50/50 split always, you can't resize the windows, though on the 5-inch XA1 you're unlikely to be split-screening too often.
The Smart cleaner feature will periodically empty the cache of apps you haven't used in a while. You can switch this off, or just manually tell it not to bother with certain apps.
Sony has a proprietary backup solution built-in on its latest Xperias. It can backup applications, contacts, messages, and phone settings. The backup info itself can be stored in the cloud under your Sony online account, or locally on the microSD card or an external USB device. Backups can be scheduled, including conditions like "Connected to Wi-Fi" and "Charging device", depending on your preferences.